Types of Solar Panels in Kenya.
What Are The Various Types of Solar Panels in Kenya?
There are three main types of solar panels commonly used in Kenya:
- Monocrystalline solar panels: These panels are made from a single crystal of silicon and have a higher efficiency rate than other types of panels. They are also more expensive than other types of panels.
The best type of solar panel for home use is the monocrystalline solar panel. This is because monocrystalline panels have the highest power capacity and efficiency compared to other types of solar panels.
Monocrystalline solar panels can achieve efficiencies greater than 20%, which makes them the most efficient solar panel available for residential use.
Monocrystalline panels are made from a single silicon crystal, which is why they are known for their uniform black color and sleek appearance. This manufacturing process results in a more efficient panel that can generate more power per square foot of space.
Monocrystalline panels also tend to have a longer lifespan and are more durable compared to other types of solar panels.
What Are The Disadvantages Of Monocrystalline Solar Panels?
Monocrystalline solar panels have several disadvantages that should be considered before choosing them as a solar energy solution.
Firstly, they are generally more expensive than polycrystalline solar panels, which can make them less accessible for some consumers.
Secondly, monocrystalline solar panels can experience a circuit breakdown if they become covered by dirt, snow, or shade. This is because they rely on direct sunlight to produce energy and any obstruction can cause a decrease in performance.
Lastly, monocrystalline solar panels are more efficient in high-temperature environments, but their efficiency decreases in low-temperature environments. This means that in colder climates, they may not be as effective as other types of solar panels.
- Polycrystalline solar panels: These panels are made from multiple crystals of silicon and are less expensive than monocrystalline panels. They have a slightly lower efficiency rate than monocrystalline panels.
- Thin-film solar panels: These panels are made by depositing layers of photovoltaic material onto a substrate. They are the least expensive type of solar panel but have a lower efficiency rate than other types of panels.
They are also less durable and have a shorter lifespan than other types of panels.
What Type Of Solar Panels Are the Cheapest?
The cheapest type of solar panels is typically thin-film panels. These panels use one or more thin layers of photovoltaic material on glass, plastic, or metal, making them less expensive to produce than other types of panels.
However, it’s important to note that thin-film panels generally have a lower efficiency rate compared to other types of panels, such as monocrystalline panels.
What Is Better Than Solar Panels?
While solar panels are a great source of renewable energy, some alternative technologies can be even more efficient in certain situations. One example is wind turbines, which can harness a higher percentage of energy compared to solar panels.
Wind turbines can generate up to 50% of the energy available in the wind, while solar panels typically capture only around 20% of the energy from sunlight. This means that wind turbines can potentially produce more electricity per unit of land compared to solar panels.
In fact, a single wind turbine can generate the same amount of electricity in kilowatt-hours (kWh) as thousands of solar panels. Wind turbines can be especially effective in areas with high wind speeds, such as coastal regions or mountainous areas.
It’s worth noting, however, that wind turbines also have some drawbacks. They can be noisy, require maintenance, and may pose a risk to birds and other wildlife. Additionally, they may not be feasible in areas with low wind speeds or limited space.