A Comprehensive Guide To Obtaining A Construction Permit In Bomet County
Understanding Bomet County Building Plan Regulations
Bomet County is a county in the former Rift Valley Province of Kenya. Initially a district, Bomet District was created from the former Kericho District in 1992. The capital of Bomet County is Bomet.
Obtaining building plan approvals and construction permits in Bomet County is a rigorous process that requires adherence to the building code and zoning regulations. A site analysis, preliminary design, and submission of the application are crucial steps in the process.
By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can ensure that your construction project is carried out according to the regulations and avoid legal issues.
Step 1: Site Survey
Before applying for building plan approval and construction permits in Bomet County, it is essential to conduct a site survey. This analysis should include access roads, utilities, topographical survey, soil test, plot measurements, and feasibility study.
The topographical survey will provide information on the elevation, slopes, and contours of the land. The soil test will determine the soil quality and its ability to support the foundation of the building.
The feasibility study will determine the suitability of the site for the intended use.
The survey is important for the architect before drafting the architectural drawings.
Step 2: Preliminary Design
The second step is designing the building plan. This involves creating the architectural and structural drawings for the proposed building. The drawings must be in compliance with the building codes and regulations in Bomet County.
The building design for a construction project in Bomet County should meet the requirements of the building code and zoning regulations. The floor plan should show the layout of the building, including the dimensions of each room, doors, and windows.
The elevation drawings should show the exterior of the building, including the height, roof pitch, and architectural details. The structural design should show the load-bearing walls, beams, and columns.
It is essential to work with a qualified architect or engineer to ensure that the design is safe, efficient, and meets all the requirements for approval.
Step 3: Submission of Application
Once the preliminary design is complete, the application for building plan approval and construction permit should be submitted to the Bomet County Government. The application should include the following documents:
- Certified Architectural Drawings (at least 5 copies) – prepared by an architect or a firm registered with the Board of Registration of Architects and Quantity Surveyors.
- Certified Structural Drawings (at least 5 copies) – prepared by a structural engineer or a firm registered with the Engineers Board of Kenya.
- Indemnity Form (signed by architect and/or structural engineer
- Copy of Land Ownership Documents
- Land Rates Clearance Certificate
- Land Search Document – not older than three months
- Survey Map – from Survey of Kenya
- Approval Fee Payment – the amount is based on the design and is payable during submission.
The application fee must be paid at this stage.
The fees for building plan approval in Bomet County are calculated based on the size and type of the proposed building. The fees are usually calculated using the square footage of the project or per square meter of the proposed building.
The type of property is also taken into consideration when calculating the fees. Generally, the fee is 1% of the estimated cost of construction.
Step 4: Plan Review and Approval
The Bomet County Government will review the preliminary design and conduct inspections of the site. The review will check if the design meets the requirements of the building code and zoning regulations. If the design meets the requirements, the building plan approval and construction permit will be issued.
However, if there are any issues, the applicant will be required to make the necessary changes and resubmit the application
For commercial projects, NCA registration is required.
Step 5: Project Registration with the National Construction Authority of Kenya (NCA)
Project registration with the National Construction Authority (NCA) is a requirement for all contractors undertaking construction projects in Kenya.
The process of registering a project with the NCA is relatively straightforward and involves few steps.
Here is a step-by-step guide on how to register a project with the NCA in Kenya:
Register With The NCA
Once you have obtained approved drawing from the county, you can proceed to register your project with the NCA.
To do this, you will need to submit an application form online and provide relevant documents, such as the project drawings, bill of quantities, and a site plan.
Local developers/owners registering a project must ensure that their contractors and sub-contractors are registered by NCA and have a valid practicing license for the current financial year.
The contractor classification/grades set by NCA regulations allow contractors to register in one or more categories according to their experience and qualifications. Once all requirements are met, a Certificate of Registration is issued on registration as a contractor in Kenya.
Developers can register their projects through the NCA project registration portal or visit the nearest NCA regional or liaison office for assistance.
It should also be noted that project registration is currently free of charge.
NCA Project Registration Requirements
The following are the requirements:
- The contractor and sub-contractor must be registered by NCA and must have a valid practicing license for the current financial year.
- The project consultants (for example the engineer (s), architect, and quantity surveyor) must be duly registered with their respective professional regulatory bodies, such as the Engineers Board of Kenya (EBK) and the Board of Registration of Architects and Quantity Surveyors (BORAQS). They must have valid practicing licenses
- Approved architectural and structural drawings.
- Physical planning forms (county approval permits/ letters/PPA2)
- Other statutory and regulatory approvals such as NEMA, EPRA, WRA and KCAA licenses where applicable.
- Bill of quantities summary page duly signed and stamped by the quantity surveyor.
- Copy of developer’s Kenya Revenue Authority (KRA) PIN.
- Signed contract/tender form or signed agreement by developer with the contractor.
- Supervision Commitment Letters by consultants and/or agreements/contract by developer with consultants.
How National Construction Authority (NCA) Project Registration Is Done Online Portal
To register a project with the National Construction Authority (NCA) in Kenya, developer can follow these steps:
- Visit the NCA website at https://nca.go.ke/ and download the Project Registration Form.
- Fill out the form with the relevant information about your project, including the type of project, location, estimated cost, and project duration.
- Attach the necessary documents, including architectural and engineering drawings, environmental impact assessment reports, and other relevant certificates and approvals.
- Pay the prescribed fees (if any) for project registration through the provided payment channels, such as M-PESA, bank deposits, or online payment systems. Note that project registration is currently (2023) free of charge.
- Submit the completed registration form and supporting documents online or to the nearest NCA regional office.
After submitting your application, NCA officials will review your project and either approve or reject it based on their evaluation of its compliance with relevant laws and regulations.
If your project is approved, you will be issued with a NCA registration certificate, which you will need to present to other relevant authorities to obtain necessary permits and approvals for construction.
In short, after submitting your application, the NCA will review your documents and conduct an inspection of the project site.
If your application is approved, you will receive a letter of approval, which will allow you to proceed with the construction project.
Display Your NCA Project Registration Number
Once your project is registered with the NCA, you will need to display your project registration number at the project site.
This certificate number serves as proof that the project is registered with the NCA and that the contractor is authorized to undertake the construction work.
It is important to ensure that your project is registered with the NCA before starting construction work, as failure to do so can result in fines and other legal consequences.
Step 6: Construction
After receiving the construction permit, the applicant may begin the construction process. During the construction process, the applicant must adhere to the conditions and requirements specified in the permit.
Failure to comply with the permit’s conditions may result in the permit being revoked, and the construction project being halted.
Step 7: Inspection and Approval
Once the construction process is complete, the County’s technical team will conduct a final inspection to ensure that the construction has been carried out in accordance with the permit’s conditions and requirements.
If the construction is deemed satisfactory, the County will issue a certificate of occupancy, allowing the building to be occupied and used.
FAQS About Obtaining Building Plan Approval In Bomet County
1. What Is Building Plan Approval?
Building plan approval is a process by which the government verifies that your construction plans comply with local laws and regulations. This is important to ensure that your building is safe, structurally sound, and meets environmental standards.
2. Why Do I Need Building Plan Approval?
Building plan approval is mandatory in Bomet County before any construction work begins. This is to ensure that your building is compliant with local laws, safe for occupancy, and does not pose any hazards to the community or environment.
3. Who Can Obtain Building Plan Approval?
Building plan approval can be obtained by property owners, developers, architects, engineers, or any other authorized agents. It’s important to have a qualified professional prepare and submit your building plans to ensure they comply with local regulations.
4. What Documents Are Required For Building Plan Approval?
To obtain building plan approval in Bomet County you’ll need to submit several documents, including architectural drawings, structural plans, survey map/ site plans, land rates clearance , environmental impact assessments, and any other documents required by the county government.
5. How Long Does It Take To Obtain Building Plan Approval?
The time it takes to obtain building plan approval can vary depending on the complexity of your project and the workload of the county government. Typically, it can take anywhere from a few weeks to couple of months to obtain approval.
6. What Are The Consequences Of Building Without Plan Approval?
Building without plan approval is illegal in Bomet County and can result in fines, penalties, or even demolition of the structure. It’s important to obtain building plan approval before any construction work begins to avoid legal and financial consequences.
7. How Can I Ensure A Smooth Building Plan Approval Process?
To ensure a smooth building plan approval process, it’s important to work with a qualified professional, such as an architect or engineer, to prepare your plans. You should also make sure to submit all required documents and pay any necessary fees on time.