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7 Essential Steps for Approving a Building Plan in Kenya
Approval of Building Plans in Kenya

Building plan approvals in Kenya are a necessary part of the construction process, as they ensure that new buildings meet all necessary safety and structural standards. The process typically involves several steps, which can vary slightly depending on the specific county location and nature of the proposed building.

In general, however, the following seven steps are typically involved in obtaining building plan approvals in Kenya:

Pre-Application Consultation:

Before beginning the formal application process, it is often helpful to consult with the relevant local authority to discuss the proposed building and ensure that it will meet all necessary requirements. This can help to identify any potential issues upfront and avoid delays later in the process.

Some government requirements that you must meet include having the property title deed, zoning issues, change of land use, extension of use, subdivision of land, amalgamation of land, paying all outstanding land rates and getting certified building plans from registered architect and structural engineer.

Engaging Registered Architect And Structural Engineer:

Once you have obtained all the required information, it is time to engage a registered architect and structural engineer. The main purpose of engaging a registered architect is to certify that the proposed construction meets all requirements set by the National Construction Authority (NCA).

When engaging an architect/structural engineer, it is essential that you ensure that he or she is approved by the Board of Registration of Architects & Quantity Surveyors (BORAQs)/ Engineers Board of Kenya, as licensed with the board are authorized to certify building plans for construction on Kenyan soil.

Submission Of Building Plans:

Once the pre-application consultation is complete, the next step is to submit the building plans to the relevant authorities for review and approval. This typically involves submitting detailed plans and specifications that include information such as the location, size, and intended use of the proposed building, as well as any necessary supporting documents.

This step is the first formal approval process for building plans in Kenya. In general, the process involves submitting all relevant architectural plans, structural drawings and indemnity forms to the local authority and paying a fee, which is typically about 7-12 percent of the total project cost.

Essential Steps for Approving a Building Plan in Kenya
Sample: 4 Bedroom Bungalow charges, Kiambu County

Review Of Building Plans:

Once the plans have been submitted, they will be reviewed by the local authority to ensure that they meet all necessary standards. This review process typically includes checks for compliance with building codes and zoning regulations, as well as assessments of the proposed building’s structural integrity and safety.

This review process may involve input from multiple agencies, including the county government departments,  NEMA, NCA, and other relevant authorities.

Review Of Building Plans

Site Inspection:

In addition to reviewing the building plans, the local authority may also conduct a site inspection to verify that the proposed building will be constructed in accordance with the submitted plans. This may include checks for compliance with zoning regulations, as well as assessments of the suitability of the site for the proposed building.

After the site inspection has been completed, the local authority will review the inspection reports to ensure that the proposed building meets all necessary requirements. If any issues are identified, the local authority may request that the building plans be revised to address them.

Issuance Of Building Plan Approvals:

If the building plans and inspection reports are found to be in compliance with all necessary regulations, the local authority will issue building plan approvals. This typically includes the issuance of a building permit, which allows construction to begin.

Machakos County Building Approvals

If the building plans are approved, the relevant authorities will issue a building permit, which allows the proposed construction to proceed. This permit typically includes specific conditions and requirements that must be followed during the construction process, such as minimum standards for building materials and design.

Construction And Completion:

Once the building plan approvals have been obtained and the building permit has been issued, construction can begin but you must meet all the conditions specified in your building permit.

During this phase, the construction team will typically follow the approved building plans and adhere to the conditions and requirements outlined in the building permit. The construction process may also involve regular inspections by the local authority to ensure that the building is being constructed in accordance with the approved plans and regulations.

Any issues or concerns that arise during the inspection process will need to be addressed before the construction can continue.

It is important to make sure that you comply with all the conditions, as any violation could lead to the suspension or revocation of your permit.

Upon completion, the local authority will conduct a final inspection to ensure that the building meets all necessary standards, and a certificate of occupancy will be issued if the building is found to be in compliance.

Inspection And Final Approval:

Once the construction is complete, the relevant authorities will conduct a final inspection to ensure that the building meets all applicable laws and regulations. If the building passes the inspection, the authorities will issue a certificate of occupancy, which signifies that the building is fit for use and can be occupied.

In summary, the process of obtaining building plan approvals in Kenya is designed to ensure that all new buildings meet necessary safety and structural standards. While the process can be complex and time-consuming, it is an essential part of the construction process, and ensures that new buildings are safe and secure for their occupants

The process for obtaining building plan approvals in Kenya typically involves several steps and can vary depending on the specific project and location.

Overall, the process for obtaining building plan approvals in Kenya can be complex and time-consuming. However, by carefully following the steps outlined above and working closely with the relevant authorities, it is possible to successfully navigate the process and obtain the necessary approvals to move forward with a construction project.

County Approvals of Building Plans FAQS

Do Rural Area Residential Constructions Require Any County Approval In Kenya?

Yes, Rural area residential construction require county building plan approval. The building approval process for rural areas is similar to that for urban areas. Any construction project, including residential construction in rural areas, is required to obtain approval from the local authorities before it can proceed.

 This is to ensure that the construction meets all relevant regulations and codes, and to ensure the safety and integrity of the building.

What Is The Process For Getting A County Building Plan Approval In Rural?

To obtain approval for a residential construction project in a rural area, the builder will need to submit building plans to the local authorities for review. These plans should include detailed information about the proposed construction, including the location, dimensions, materials, and any other relevant details.  Don’t forget the stamp and certificate of practice for the architect and structural engineer

The local authorities will then review the plans to ensure that they comply with all relevant regulations and codes. If the plans are approved, the local authorities will issue a building permit, which allows the construction to proceed.

During the construction process, the local authorities will conduct regular inspections to ensure that the work is being carried out in accordance with the approved plans and building permit. Any issues or concerns that arise during the inspection process will need to be addressed before the construction can continue.

Once the construction is complete, the builder will need to notify the local authorities, who will then conduct a final inspection to ensure that the building meets all relevant regulations and codes. If the building passes the final inspection, the local authorities will issue a certificate of occupancy, which allows the building to be used.

In summary, residential construction in rural areas in Kenya does require approval from the local authorities. This approval process ensures that the construction meets all relevant regulations and codes, and helps to ensure the safety and integrity of the building.

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