A Substructure is an underlying or supporting structure to superstructure. It is below ground level. Foundation is part of substructure. Substructure is the lower portion of the building which transmits the dead load, live loads and other loads to the underneath sub soil.
So, the substructure is in direct contact with supporting soil. Substructure involves footing and plinth of a building.
A superstructure is the portion of a building which is constructed above the ground level and it serves the purpose of structure’s intended use. It includes columns, beams, slab upwards including all finishes, door and window schedules, flooring, roofing, lintels, and parapets.
In Buildings, the portion of the structure that is above ground level that receives the live load is referred to as Superstructure. The superstructure of a building is the part that is entirely above its foundation or basement. The foundation of the building is part of Substructure.
Differences between Superstructure and Substructure of a building
|Part of a building that constructed above ground level||Portion of a building that constructed below ground level|
|It serves the purpose of building’s intended use||It transfers loads received from superstructure to supporting soil|
|Superstructure elements include walls, columns, beams, doors and windows, etc.||Elements of substructure include foundation and plinth.|